Set Realistic Expectations
Some people think that Neighborhood security surveillance is a silver bullet that will solve all problems related to crime. It is not, it is but one step in a neighborhood crime fighting initiative.
What to expect in regards to Prevention
Visible signs of Security Camera activity, such as signs and visible cameras, has a measurable preventive effect on premeditated crimes like burglary, robbery and theft, but has absolutely no preventive effect on crimes of passion like public drunkenness and fights.
Video Surveillance improves crime solving rates under certain circumstances.
Example of incorrect use of surveillance cameras.
The public surveillance cameras Tiburon, Ca, installed February 2010, has only contributed slightly to crime solving, the main problem being that the cameras are placed in High traffic areas. Specifically the problem is that when examining cameras recordings, the suspect pool becomes too big to of any practical use.
Quiet neighborhood streets are perfect
Low traffic areas or areas with low traffic of suspects have a better chance of isolating suspects and therefore solving the crimes. The quiet suburban street – a burglar favorite – is also the place that has the best return of investment for a neighborhood camera solution, especially when combined with individual alarm systems.
No – most of the video produced will be considered circumstantial evidence, e.g. images of the suspect entering and/or leaving the neighborhood around the time of the crime, will help in the investigation and together with other pieces of evidence will lead to a conviction.
What footage is needed for Conviction.
In order to get a burglary conviction based on surveillance video alone the video will need to have all of the following:
- 100% certain identification: i.e. clear unmasked face shoot
- The breaking and entering.
- The suspect leaving with items of value that are clearly identifiable.
- Clear chain of evidence of the footage.
- Timestamp on the video
- Video obtained without violating the suspects constitutional rights. (see article on legal considerations)
Example of footage not enough for conviction alone.
The following photos is not enough to convict by itself.
- Suspect arriving on the street, license plate readable
- Suspect entering the driveway of victim
- Suspect leaving the driveway of victim 10 minutes later.
It is however enough for an investigator to pay a visit to the suspect, and if we are lucky the suspect is on probation or parole letting any peace officer in California perform a warrantless and suspicionless search and seizure.
If the same vehicle and person has been linked to other burglaries it could be enough for a search warrant and/or an arrest.
Don’t expect that the police can rush out and make an arrest based on your video surveillance, do expect that submitting your video to the police could be the lead that changes a case from unsolvable to solvable leading to apprehension of the criminals.